Annie Warburton Goodrich (1866 – 1954)

Annie Warburton Goodrich

Annie Warburton Goodrich’s family first moved to Hartford in 1874. In 1880, the family moved to England and later, France, returning in 1883 to reside in Hartford where family friends included Samuel Clemens, Harriet Beecher Stowe and William Gillette.

As the companion of Mrs. ASC Blake of Boston, Annie traveled throughout the United States and Europe. Upon her return from one of these trips, she found first her sisters and then her grandparents ill. This was Annie’s first exposure to nursing and she soon saw that in addition to being a compassionate person, a nurse needed certain technical skills. Soon after, her father also became ill and the family finances began to falter. Wishing to become self-sufficient, Annie enrolled at the New York Hospital School of Nursing in 1890. Although she did not particularly enjoy caring for the sick, she knew that it was a viable career for a woman during a time when few other options existed.

Over the course of her nursing career, Annie Warburton Goodrich was constantly active in local, state, national and international nursing affairs. She served as president of the American Nurses Association and the Association of Collegiate Schools of Nursing, was professor of nursing at Teacher’s College, Columbia University, and established the Army School of Nursing in 1918. She became dean of Yale University’s first nursing program in 1924 and, over the next 10 years, developed the program into the Yale Graduate School of Nursing.

Annie Warburton Goodrich died in 1954 and was inducted into the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame in 1976. The American Nurses Association called Goodrich “a crusader and diplomat among nurses.”

Books about Annie Goodrich include Militant Angel by H.B. Koch, Pioneer of Modern Nursing by H.E. Marshall and Annie W. Goodrich, and Her Journey to Yale by E.A. Werminghaus.

American Nurses Association. Annie Warburton Goodrich (1866-1954). Accessed at on August 24, 2010.
Sicherman, Barbara and Green, Carol Hurd, eds. Notable American Women: The Modern Period. Radcliffe College, United States, 1980, pp. 286-288. Accessed at on August 24, 2010.
Wikipedia. Yale School of Nursing. Accessed at on August 24, 2010.

Photo Credit: Annie Warburton Goodrich, Images of Yale Individuals, ca. 1750-1976 (inclusive). Manuscripts & Archives, Yale University