John Moran Bailey (1904 – 1975)

John Moran Bailey

John Moran Bailey was born in Hartford, Connecticut. He was a significant political figure in the United States who dominated the Democratic party in Connecticut from 1950 until his death in 1975. He Chaired the Democratic National Committee from 1961 until 1968 during which time he was credited with turning the state from one politically dominated by WASP Republicans to one dominated by Democrats of Catholic and Jewish descent.

Bailey was a significant backer of John F. Kennedy. Following his assassination in 1963, Bailey and President Johnson oversaw the greatest electoral landslide in United States history during the 1964 elections. Democrats won 486 electoral votes for Lyndon B. Johnson and achieved supermajorities in both the U.S. House and Senate.

Bailey is also credited with masterminding the campaign that resulted in Abraham Ribicoff being elected Governor of Connecticut in 1955. Ribicoff was the first Jewish Governor in the Northeast and, to date, the only Jewish Governor of Connecticut. Prior to his death in 1975, Bailey also saw his protégé Ella T. Grasso elected as Governor of Connecticut. Grasso was the first female elected governor of a U.S. state in her own right and was the first female governor of Connecticut.

The Political Graveyard. Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut. Accessed at in July 2010.
Wikipedia.  Ella T. Grasso.  Accessed at in August 2010.
Wikipedia. John Moran Bailey.  Accessed at in July 2010.

Photo Credit: John Moran Bailey, Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, circa 1961. Photograph by George Maniatas, Continental Photo Service, New York, from the Democratic National Committee Files, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston (DNC-73)