Marshall Jewell (1825 – 1883)
Born in Winchester, New Hampshire in 1825, Marshall Jewell was a prominent politician and businessman. He apprenticed as a tanner, and in 1850 took over his father’s, Pliney Jewell, tanning business in Connecticut. He accrued substantial wealth during the Civil War as the price of leather increased significantly during this time. His business dealings included purchasing a share of the Hartford Evening Post, serving as president of the Jewell Pin Company and serving as president of the Southern New England Telephone Company.
In the 1860s, Jewell turned to making his mark as a Republican politician. While he unsuccessfully ran for a senate seat in 1867 and the Governorship in 1868, he successfully secured the seat as Connecticut’s 44th Governor from 1869 until 1870 and again as the 46th Governor from 1871 until 1873. In 1873, Jewell was appointed Minister to Russia by President Ulysses S. Grant, but he resigned from the position after only seven months. He then served as Postmaster General from 1874 until 1876. Jewell served as a vice-presidential candidate in the 1876 and 1880 Republican National Conventions but lost to William A. Wheeler and Chester A. Arthur, respectively . The election of 1876 went on to be one of the closest presidential elections in history and the most disputed with Republican Rutherford B. Hayes ultimately beating out Democrat Samuel J. Tilden.
From 1880 until his death in 1883, Jewell served as the Chairman of the Republican National Committee. He died in New Haven on February 10, 1883 from pneumonia and was interred at Cedar Hill Cemetery on Valentine’s Day, February 14, 1883. He was 57 years old.
Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Marshall Jewell (1874 – 1876): Postmaster General. Accessed at http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/grant/essays/cabinet/321 on August 26, 2010.
Wikipedia. Marshall Jewell. Accessed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Jewell on August 26, 2010.
Wikipedia. United States presidential election, 1876. Accessed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1876 on August 26, 2010.
Photo Credit: Marshall Jewell, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Brady-Handy Photograph Collection. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpbh.03880, Call Number: LC-BH826- 3647.