A graduate of Hamilton College, Joseph Hawley practiced law in Hartford. He later worked in the newspaper business, eventually purchasing the Hartford Courant, which he co-edited with Charles Dudley Warner. Under their leadership, the Courant became the most influential newspaper in Connecticut and was one of the leading Republican papers in the country.
Hawley enlisted in the Union Army as a Captain at the start of the Civil War. He served in 13 battles and as military governor of Wilmington, North Carolina. He mustered out of service as a Major General in 1866.
After the war, Hawley became active in politics, serving as Governor of Connecticut, U. S. Congressman, and U. S. Senator.
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Battle of Olustee. Accessed at http://battleofolustee.org/hawley.html
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed at http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=H000377
Miller, Francis Trevelyan ed. The Connecticut Magazine, Volume VIII. “The Governors of Connecticut: Being the Fifth Series of Biographies of the Chief Executives of the State,” Frederick Calvin Norton. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Magazine Company, 1904.
Wikipedia. Joseph Roswell Hawley. Accessed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Roswell_Hawley
J. R. Hawley, Library of Congress, # LC-BH832-1293.